雅思寫作3大技巧與Task 1、2範例解析,這樣準備帶你拿高分

Last Updated on 2023-12-12 by admin

準備雅思考試時,寫作總讓你擔心不已,害怕考試時無法充分發揮、寫出邏輯清晰、文藻豐富的詞句嗎?雅思寫作究竟有何技巧?該如何準備才能拿高分?以下將從考生常犯的3種錯誤切入說明,並提供Task 1、Task 2的高分範例,協助你清楚掌握雅思寫作考試的技巧!

雅思寫作考什麼?測試目的說明

雅思的寫作考試分為雅思學術組和雅思一般訓練組,兩者的考試內容稍有不同:

學術組一般訓練組
考試目的主要為評估考生的專業英文寫作能力,通常是為了申請國外學校才報考,申請學校會根據成績評估其英文能力是否足以應付學業通常是職場人士或正準備移居海外者報名
考試重點總結、論述和論證能力考試主題以書信等日常寫作為主,考試重點放在日常生活跟工作的英文寫作溝通上面

雅思寫作題型解析

而無論是學術組還是一般訓練組,雅思寫作考試都包括兩個Task,考試時間均為60分鐘。

考試類型Task 1Task 2
學術組摘要資訊:摘要題目給的圖表資訊以短文方式呈現,文中須包含:緒論、概述、圖表中的重要資訊
最少字數為150字
建議作答時間:20分鐘
短篇作文,根據特定主題表達個人觀點、論點或問題,如同意/不同意、討論正/反觀點、探討利弊、提出解決方案等。
考試主題多元,包括環境、移民、文化、科技等。最少字數為250字。
建議作答時間:40分鐘
一般訓練組撰寫信件:針對特定情境寫信,可能包括:說明情況、提出建議、表達訴求或意見等
最少字數為150字
建議作答時間:20分鐘
同上

從上表可知,雅思學術組和一般訓練組的主要差別在於Task 1。在學術組,考生需要根據圖表或圖表中的資訊進行簡要摘要。而在一般訓練組,考生需要根據特定情境寫信,可能包括投訴、道歉、建議、求職或讚美等不同類型的信件。

至於Task 2,學術組和一般訓練組都要求考生針對某一議題撰寫一篇短篇作文,表達自己的觀點,但考試議題會略有不同。學術組的議題可能偏向學術或課程,例如:環境、文化、科技等,考生需要深入分析議題,包括探討正反觀點、分析利弊,甚至提出解決方案。一般訓練組的議題可能更廣泛,包括日常生活的家庭、健康、工作,以及更大範圍的社會問題、公共政策等,考生需要針對議題清晰地陳述自己的觀點或提出解決方案。

掌握3個雅思寫作技巧,準備考試更充分

雖然學術組和一般訓練組的寫作考試題目略有不同,但兩者需要的寫作架構和技巧有異曲同工之妙。下面我們就以考生常犯的錯誤為例說明,告訴你雅思寫作關鍵的3大技巧。

  1. 寫作架構清晰是關鍵

一些考生的寫作結構不夠清楚,或主體段落中沒有更多發展與細節描述,這種情況可能導致文章內容雜亂無章,無法清晰傳達觀點。

因此在寫作前,建議先構思一個清晰的寫作大綱,確保每個段落都有明確的論點,並按照邏輯順序排列。同時在文章適當使用轉折詞和連接詞(例如However、Therefore、Furthermore),把不同論述流暢地連接起來,讓文章更易閱讀且具有連貫性。

  1. 回應須完整

沒有充分回答問題,或者根本跑題,也是考生容易犯的失分錯誤。故建議在寫作時,要始終記得緊扣問題,不要跑題。首段應明確陳述你的立場,並在主體段落中提供具體的支持觀點、個人經驗或實際案例,以使你的論點更具說服力。

  1. 拼字與文法為基本

拼字、文法錯誤和詞彙使用不當更會直接影響分數。因此考試時務必小心不要有拼字和語法錯誤,應仔細檢查寫作。而平時練習寫作時,可多嘗試用各種不同的單字、詞彙來描述相同的事物,以增加詞彙豐富度。另外,也可多閱讀適合的英文文章,從中學習不同的表達方式和詞彙。舉例來說,以下簡單的文句皆可加入更多描述來增加句子的深度與豐富度:

原句變換
He is very tired.He is extremely fatigued./He is utterly exhausted.
It’s a big problem.It’s a significant issue./It’s a substantial challenge.
The weather is very hot.It’s scorching hot./The temperature is extremely high.
It’s a big problem.It’s a significant issue./It’s a substantial challenge.

2個雅思寫作範例,帶你剖析高分作文

最後,Atlas101就以學術組Task1和Task2為範例,解析雅思高分寫作的方式與評分標準。

  • Task 1

題目:圖表顯示一家名為 HB Office Recycling 的公司如何回收其他企業不需要的辦公家具和設備。

8級分範文

The diagram illustrates the recycling process of unwanted office furniture and equipment by HB Office Recycling, a company specializing in this service. The process involves several stages, from collecting damaged items to their final disposition.

At the outset, damaged office items are collected from various businesses. These items, labeled as “businesses-unwanted items,” are then transported to HB Office Recycling Ltd using the company’s own vehicles. Upon arrival, the items undergo a sorting process, where they are categorized based on priority.

Priority 1 emphasizes reuse. This involves identifying items suitable for reuse and directing them towards charities, customers, and schools. Priority 2 involves remanufacturing, which includes using both repaired and new parts. The remanufactured items are then redistributed to customers. Priority 3 focuses on materials recycling, specifically plastics, metals, and wood. These materials are sent to a recycling center for further processing.

A small percentage (2%) of items are deemed non-recyclable and are directed to landfill sites. This figure represents the minimal waste generated by the recycling process.

In summary, HB Office Recycling employs a comprehensive approach to recycling unwanted office items, emphasizing reuse, remanufacturing, and materials recycling, while minimizing non-recyclable waste through responsible disposal methods.

(Word Count:195)

評語

  • 文章有明確的結構,說明整個過程,使讀者能夠清楚地理解每一個步驟。
  • 在詞彙使用和文法上,也達到了相當高的水準。
  • 略微增加一些深度和詳細訊息可能會使內容更加豐富和具體。
  • Task 2

題目:

Write about the following topic :Music and other arts seem to be features of every society. In what ways are music and other arts important for societies and for individuals? Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience. 

Write at least 250 words.

7級分範例

In my perspective, music and other art forms play an indispensable role in both society and individual lives. They serve not only as forms of entertainment but also as crucial mediums for connecting emotions and culture among people, transcending boundaries and fostering unity.

First and foremost, music and the arts are integral parts of culture, representing the values, traditions, and historical roots of a society. For instance, in Taiwan, we have a rich tapestry of traditional music and art forms, such as glove puppetry and flute performances. These forms are not merely sources of amusement; they carry profound cultural and historical significance. Preserving these arts is crucial as they enable us to safeguard and transmit our cultural heritage to future generations.

Moreover, music and the arts provide a creative outlet for individuals to express their emotions and showcase their innovative side. There are moments when words are inadequate in articulating our feelings, and it is here that music and art come into play, helping us find a medium for emotional release. Personally, I find playing the guitar to be therapeutic, allowing me to relax and find solace during times of stress.

Furthermore, music and the arts serve as a unifying force, forging connections within communities and groups. Participation in music performances, art exhibitions, and similar activities allows individuals to bond, collaborate, and work collectively towards common interests and goals. These activities foster a sense of belonging and unity.

In conclusion, music and the arts bear significant weight in both society and individual lives. They serve as cultural reservoirs, vehicles for emotional and creative expression, and powerful instruments for community cohesion. As such, we should wholeheartedly recognize and support the nurturing and proliferation of these art forms.

(Word Count:286)

評語

  • 有清晰的結構:文章開頭點出主題,分為社會和個人兩個層面,每個層面都有一些支持論點。但某些地方可以進一步展開討論,或提供更多支持例子。
  • 使用一些豐富詞彙和詞語,例如:integral、profound cultural、therapeutic,以及powerful instruments for community cohesion等。
  • 基本上沒有文法錯誤,且表達清晰。

想要在雅思寫作上獲取高分,那就推薦先掌握好上述介紹的3大技巧,避免拼錯字、跑題或內容鬆散。而若擔心自行練習沒有方向,那就來Atlas101,將由專業教師為你提供線上一對一課程,幫助你在有限的時間內,進行高效的訓練,並且有自信地應戰考場。現在就趕緊預約諮詢,踏出積極準備考試的第一步吧!

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