【Atlas101托福背景知識】火星會是人類的新家園嗎?

Last Updated on 2024-02-05 by admin

在托福考試中,考生會遇到各式各樣的學術型題目,天文學(Astronomy)就是常見的主題之一。這次Altas101要跟大家分享一個非常有趣的主題:「火星會是人類的新家園嗎?」更為大家挑選出重要的托福單字。

閱讀本篇文章,你可以吸收新知,更加認識天文學這個探索宇宙奧秘的學科。之後在托福考場遇到相關主題的文章,也可以事半功倍,成功拿下分數。

主題摘要與托福單字

  1. Migration to Mars(火星移民計畫)

Some private companies and government agencies are working on plans to migrate to Mars, aiming to send people to the red planet and set up permanent homes.

一些私人企業和政府機構正在推動火星移民計畫,他們的目標是要將人類送往這顆紅色行星,並建立永久居住地。

  1. Finding Signs of Past Life on Mars(尋找火星過去生命跡象)

Scientists are actively looking for evidence on Mars, checking its atmosphere, geology, underground water, and minerals to figure out the planet’s history and see if there are any signs of past life.

科學家正積極尋找來自火星不同方面的證據,包括其大氣、地質、地下水和礦物,以了解這顆行星的歷史,並確定是否存在過去的生命跡象。

  1. Challenges and Innovations for Living on Mars.(火星生活的挑戰與創新)

So far, there are big challenges to living on Mars, like extreme conditions and the need for essential resources. It highlights the importance of developing innovative technologies, such as using solar power and underground water, to overcome these challenges.

截至目前,要在火星上生存仍然面臨著巨大的挑戰,包括極端的環境條件和對基本資源的需求。這凸顯了發展創新技術的重要性,例如利用太陽能和地下水資源,以克服這些挑戰。

  • migration (n.) – 遷徙
  • endeavor (n.) – 努力
  • breakthrough (n.) – 突破
  • harbor (n.) – 港口
  • habitat (n.) – 棲息地
  • mineral (n.) – 礦物
  • unmanned (adj.) – 無人的
  • probe (n.) – 探測器
  • topography (n.) – 地形
  • atmosphere (n.) – 大氣層
  • noteworthy (adj.) – 值得注意的
  • vital (adj.) – 重要的
  • formidable (adj.) – 難以對付的
  • radiation (n.) – 輻射
  • utilization (n.) – 利用
  • sustainability (n.) – 可持續性
  • implication (n.) – 影響
  • innovation (n.) – 創新
  • delving (n.) – 探究

延伸閱讀:Colonization of Mars

When we talk about space exploration, Mars often takes center stage. Numerous private enterprises and government agencies have proposed Mars colonization plans, aiming to send humans to the red planet and even establish permanent residences. This ambitious endeavor is poised to lead to a series of scientific breakthroughs and developments.

One crucial scientific goal is to understand whether there are signs of past life on Mars. If Mars indeed harbored life in the past, it opens the possibility of establishing permanent habitats in the future. Scientists are actively seeking evidence from Mars’ atmosphere, geology, underground water, and minerals.

In recent years, Mars exploration missions have made exciting progress. Unmanned probes successfully landed on the Martian surface, providing abundant data about the planet. Scientists have analyzed Mars’ topography, atmospheric composition, and more. Particularly noteworthy is the discovery of abundant water ice in the shallow layers of Mars’ surface, a finding that has sparked significant interest, given that water is a vital condition for the existence of life.

However, the challenges of living on Mars remain formidable. The Martian environment is extreme, featuring extremely low temperatures, intense radiation, toxic oxidants, thin atmosphere, and insufficient sunlight, posing significant threats to human survival.

Technological Advances in Space Exploration

Additionally, ensuring an adequate supply of essential resources like energy and food on Mars presents a highly challenging problem. Addressing these challenges requires scientists to develop innovative approaches, such as utilizing solar power and underground water resources and establishing closed-loop systems for maximum resource recycling. The sustainability issues on Mars will become a global scientific and engineering challenge.

The exploration of Mars has profound implications for the development of space technology and innovation. These advancements not only apply to space exploration but may also impact applications on Earth. For instance, autonomous navigation technology from Mars landers and probes contributes to improving self-driving car technology, while innovations in life support systems may enhance environmental control and resource management on Earth. Therefore, Mars exploration is not just about a distant planet but also about our own technology and future.

The exploration of Mars brings not only scientific gains but also contemplation about the future of humanity. We may still have a long journey ahead, but each step pushes us to delve deeper into understanding this beautiful red planet. Perhaps one day, we will witness human footprints on Mars, witnessing the realization of this human dream.

  • 資料來源:網路整理

TOEFL iBT托福考試從聽力、閱讀、寫作和口說,全方位評估考生的英文能力,加上題目內容橫跨多個學科領域,更考驗考生平日累積的實力。在你準備托福的過程中,如果碰到何種疑惑或困難,歡迎隨時與我們聯絡Atlas101線上托福課程的專業教師團隊,將協助你事半功倍,取得好成績!!

延伸閱讀中文翻譯

當我們談到太空探索時,火星經常成為矚目的焦點。許多私人企業和政府機構紛紛提出火星殖民計畫,試圖將人類送上這顆紅色的行星,甚至計畫在那裡建立永久性的居住地。這個壯舉將會引領一連串的科學突破和發展。

其中一個重要的科學目標是瞭解火星的過去是否曾經存在生命的跡象。如果火星確實曾有生命存在,這意味著未來或許可以在火星上建立永久居住地。因此,科學家嘗試從火星的大氣成分、地質、地下水以及礦物等方面找到證據。

近年來,火星探測計畫取得了令人振奮的進展。無人探測器成功著陸在火星表面,回傳了大量關於火星的資料。科學家分析了火星的地形、大氣成分等等。特別是,科學家發現火星地表淺層含有豐富的水冰,這個發現引起了巨大的關注,因為水是生命存在的必要條件之一。

然而,要在火星上居住仍然面臨著重重挑戰。例如,火星的環境極端,包括極低的氣溫、強烈的輻射和有毒的氧化劑,大氣也相當稀薄,陽光強度不足,這些都對人類的生存構成了極大的威脅。

太空探索帶來的科技創新

另外,確保在火星上能夠獲得足夠的能源、食物等生活必需品供應也是一個極具挑戰性的問題。要解決這些挑戰,科學家們需要發展創新的方法,例如利用太陽能和地下水資源,建立封閉循環系統以最大限度地重複利用資源。火星的可持續性問題將成為一個全球性的科學和工程挑戰。

火星探索對太空技術和創新的發展有著深遠的影響。這些技術和創新不僅適用於太空探索,還可能影響地球上的應用領域。例如,火星著陸器和探測器的自主導航技術有助於改進自駕車技術,而生命維持系統的創新可能改善地球上的環境控制和資源管理。因此,火星探索不僅關乎遙遠的星球,還關乎我們自身的科技和未來。

火星探索帶來的不僅僅是科學上的收穫,更是一場關於人類未來的思考。我們或許還有很長的路要走,但每一步都推動著我們更深入地瞭解這個美麗的紅色星球。或許有一天,我們將在火星上看到人類的足跡,見證著這個人類夢想的實現。

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