【Atlas101托福背景知識】印度長鼻猴(Proboscis Monkey)

托福TOEFL iBT考試內容涵蓋各種學術內容,例如生物學、天文學、文學、歷史等等。準備托福考試時,閱讀不同學習主題的英文文章,可以有效補充考試所需的背景知識,提升英文閱讀實力。

今天Atlas101將和大家學習「印度長鼻猴(Proboscis Monkey)」的背景知識。如果你想要更有系統性學習托福背景知識,可以考慮使用Atlas101線上托福課程中的閱讀、聽力系統訓練;課程中另有專業老師一對一教你托福口說跟寫作!!歡迎隨時聯絡我們

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✔️Species Characteristics(物種特徵):

 Male Proboscis Monkeys are known for their unique physical features, including a long, downward-curved nose and an almost human-like smile.(雄性印度長鼻猴有獨特的外貌特徵,他們有著長而下彎的鼻子以及幾近人類的笑容而聞名。)

  • characteristics (n.) – 特徵
  • downward-curved (adj.) – 彎曲向下的
  • human-like (adj.) – 類似人類的

✔️Survival Threats(生存威脅):

Proboscis Monkeys are currently facing severe survival threats, primarily stemming from habitat destruction, illegal hunting, and the illicit pet trade. These factors have led to a rapid decline in their population, categorizing them as an endangered species.(印度長鼻猴正面臨著嚴重的生存威脅。主要的威脅包括棲息地破壞,非法捕獵和非法寵物貿易。這導致了牠們的族群數量迅速減少,被列為瀕危物種。)

  • severe (adj.) – 嚴重的
  • categorizing (v.) – 分類
  • endangered (adj.) – 瀕臨絕種的

✔️Conservation Measures(保護行動):

Taking action to protect Proboscis Monkeys is imperative. This involves safeguarding and restoring their habitats, implementing breeding and rehabilitation programs, and combating illegal hunting and the illegal pet trade. These efforts are vital not only for saving this unique species but also for maintaining ecological balance.(包括保護和恢復Proboscis Monkey的生活環境、實行繁殖和復育計劃,以及打擊非法捕獵和非法寵物貿易,可以拯救這一獨特的物種,並保護生態系統的平衡。)

印度長鼻猴(資料來源:維基百科

延伸閱讀:印度長鼻猴

The Proboscis Monkey, a highly distinctive primate, is found across Southeast Asia, including Bali, Malaysia, Brunei, and Indonesia. These monkeys are renowned for their unique long, downturned noses and nearly human-like smiles, which evoke feelings of closeness and affability. However, this extraordinary species is currently facing a severe existential crisis, a matter of not just regret but also an urgent environmental concern.

One of the factors that make Proboscis Monkeys noteworthy is the pronounced sexual dimorphism in their appearance. Typically, males are larger than females and possess considerably longer noses. These lengthy proboscises not only hold visual appeal but also serve to amplify their calls, enabling these sounds to propagate further through the forests. Primarily herbivorous, Proboscis Monkeys feed on leaves, fruits, and young shoots, aided by their specialized stomach structure for digesting these foods.

Nevertheless, the population of Proboscis Monkeys is rapidly diminishing. According to data from the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), these monkeys are classified as an endangered species and are listed in the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Habitat destruction remains one of the primary causes for this predicament. Marshes, riverbanks, and rainforest areas are under severe threat due to illegal logging and industrial pollution, seriously jeopardizing the monkeys’ living environment. The swift environmental changes force Proboscis Monkeys to adapt quickly, yet their adaptive capacity is limited, leading to a sharp decline in their population.

Furthermore, illegal hunting and the illicit pet trade pose significant threats to Proboscis Monkeys. Their distinctive appearance and charming smiles have led some individuals to regard them as pets, resulting in issues of illegal capture and trade. These illegal activities not only jeopardize the survival of these monkeys but also inflict substantial damage on their populations.

The unique appearance and the challenges faced by Proboscis Monkeys have garnered global attention. Protective measures for this unique species are imperative. These actions encompass the active preservation and restoration of their habitats, the advancement of breeding and rehabilitation programs, and the adoption of resolute measures to combat illegal hunting and the illegal pet trade.

Proboscis_monkey_(Nasalis_larvatus)_female_and_baby
雌性印度長鼻猴與長鼻猴寶寶(資料來源:維基百科

延伸閱讀中文翻譯

印度長鼻猴(Proboscis Monkey)是一種非常獨特的猴子,分布在東南亞的峇里島、馬來西亞、文萊和印尼等地。這些猴子以其獨具特色的長而下彎的鼻子和近乎擬人的笑容而著稱,給人一種親近和親切的感覺。然而,這個獨特的物種正處於嚴重的生存危機之中,這不僅令人感到遺憾,也是環保議題中一個重要而緊迫的問題。

印度長鼻猴之所以受到人們的注意,部分原因是因為它們的男女之間的外貌和特徵明顯不同。雄性通常比雌性體型更大,並擁有一個更長的鼻子。這長鼻子不僅在視覺上吸引人,還用於放大牠們的叫聲,使這些聲音在森林中傳播得更遠。印度長鼻猴主要以葉子、果實和嫩芽為食,是典型的草食性動物,其特殊的胃部結構有助於消化這些食物。

然而,印度長鼻猴的數量正急劇減少。根據國際自然保護聯盟(IUCN)的數據,這些猴子被列為瀕危物種,並出現在IUCN的受威脅物種紅色名錄中。棲息地的破壞是導致這一情況的主要原因之一。沼澤地、河岸區域和雨林地帶正受到非法伐木和工業污染的嚴重危害,這些威脅嚴重影響了這些猴子的生存環境。環境急遽的變遷迫使印度長鼻猴必須迅速適應,然而,牠們的適應能力有限,導致其族群數量急劇下降。

此外,非法捕獵和非法寵物貿易也對印度長鼻猴構成了威脅。由於牠們獨特的外貌和迷人的笑容,一些人將這些猴子當作寵物,引發非法捕捉和非法買賣的問題。這些非法行為不僅危害了這些猴子的生存,還對牠們的族群數量造成了嚴重損害。

印度長鼻猴的特殊長相和生存困境引起了世界各地人們的關注。針對這一獨特物種的保護行動勢在必行。這些行動包括積極保護和恢復印度長鼻猴的棲息地、推進繁殖和復育計劃,同時也需要採取更堅決的措施打擊非法捕獵和非法寵物貿易。

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